The Hell Words of the Bible

The following Charts contain all the words in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures which are translated Hell in some English Bible translations. Tentmaker Ministries prepared this material. Please refer to the link at the bottom which contains a long list of Bible translations which felt that NONE of these words should ever have been translated as Hell. One day all correctly translated Bible versions will be without the pagan Hell and the pagan concept of everlasting punishment. Gary Amirault

Translation of the word "Sheol" in the Old Testament

1611 KJV King James Version
NIV NKJV YLT CLT Latin Vulgate
Gn. 37:35 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen infernum
Gn. 42:38 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
Gn. 44:29 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
Gn. 44:31 graue grave grave grave Sheol unseen inferos
Nu. 16:30 pit pit grave *2 pit Sheol unseen infernum
Nu. 16:33 pit pit grave pit Sheol unseen infernum
Dt. 32:22 hell lowest hell death hell Sheol unseen inferni
1Sa. 2:6 graue grave grave grave Sheol unseen infernum
2Sa. 22:6 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferi
1Ki. 2:6 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
1Ki. 2:9 graue grave grave grave Sheol unseen infernum
Job 7:9 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
Job 11:8 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferno
Job 14:13 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferno
Job 17:13 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferus
Job 17:16 pit pit death *2 Sheol Sheol unseen infernum
1611 KJV King James Version
NIV NKJV YLT CLT Latin Vulgate
Job 21:13 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferna
Job 24:19 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
Job 26:6 hell hell Death *2 Sheol Sheol unseen infernus
Ps. 6:5 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferno
Ps. 9:17 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen infernum *11
Ps. 16:10 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 18:5 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 30:3 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 31:17 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/v
Ps. 49:14 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 49:14 *5 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 49:15 graue grave grave grave Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 55:15 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen n/v
Ps. 86:13 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen n/v
Ps. 88:3 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 89:48 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen n/v
1611 KJV King James Version
NIV NKJV YLT CLT Latin Vulgate
Ps. 116:3 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen n/v
Ps. 139:8 hell hell depths *2 hell Sheol unseen n/a
Ps. 141:7 graues grave grave *2 grave *6 unseen n/a
Pr. 1:12 graue grave grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen infernus
Pr. 5:5 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferos
Pr. 7:27 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferi
Pr. 9:18 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferni
Pr. 15:11 hell hell Death *2 hell Sheol unseen infernus
Pr. 15:24 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferno
Pr. 23:14 hell hell death *2 hell Sheol unseen inferno
Pr. 27:20 hell hell Death *2 hell Sheol unseen infernus
Pr. 30:16 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen infernus
Ec. 9:10 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferos
SS. 8:6 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferus
Is. 5:14 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen infernus
Is. 14:9 hell hell *9 grave *2 hell Sheol unseen infernus
1611 KJV King James Version
NIV NKJV YLT CLT Latin Vulgate
Is. 14:11 hell grave grave Sheol Sheol unseen inferos
Is. 14:15 hel*10 hell grave Sheol Sheol unseen infernum
Is. 28:15 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferno
Is. 28:18 hell hell grave Sheol Sheol unseen inferno
Is. 38:10 graue grave death *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferi
Is. 38:18 graue grave grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen infernus
Is. 57:9 hell hell grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferos
Ez. 31:15 graue grave grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferos
Ez. 31:16 hell hell grave hell Sheol unseen infernum
Ez. 31:17 hell hell grave hell Sheol unseen infernum
Ez. 32:21 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen inferni
Ez. 32:27 hell hell grave hell Sheol unseen infernum
Ho. 13:14 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen mortis
Ho. 13:14 *5 graue grave grave *2 grave Sheol unseen inferne
Am. 9:2 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen infernum
Jon. 2:2 hell hell *9 grave *2 Sheol Sheol unseen inferni *12
Hab. 2:5 hell hell grave *2 hell Sheol unseen infernus

Key : KJV = King James Version; NKJV = New King James Version; NIV = New International Version

An unbiased encyclopedia definition of "sheol"

*2
the footnote says Hebrew Sheol
*3 note says sheol or hades
*4 note says Hebrew to Sheol
*5 the word sheol occurs twice in the verse.
*6 Saul, not Sheol
*7 Margin: " that is, from destruction"
*8 NASB: Sheol, NRSV: grave
*9 marg. or, The grave {The New Englishman's Hebrew Concordance, p.1220}.
*10 spelled with one L in the original
*11 verse 18 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*12 verse 3 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*13 verse 3 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*** The Latin Vulgate is one of the earliest translations of the Hebrew and Greek scripture used before the King James Version was translated in 1611.

KJV = King James Version
NKJV = New King James Version
YLT = Young's Literal Translation
Ro = Rotherham's Emphasized Bible
NIV = New International Version (one of the most read modern translations in the world)

N/A = Not Available. The word does not appear in these verses in the Vulgate.
N/V = No Verse. The verse does not appear in the Vulgate.

Note:
Ez. 31:16-17

Note: Grave was spelled graue in 1611 KJV and Geneva bible





Translation of the word "Hades" in the New Testament
1611 KJV KJV NIV Geneva NKJV CLT Vulgate
Mt. 11:23 hell hell depths hell Hades unseen infernum
Mt. 16:18 hell hell Hades hel *4 Hades unseen inferi
Lk. 10:15 hell hell depths hell Hades unseen infernum
Lk. 16:23 hell hell hell *7 hell Hades unseen inferno
Ac. 2:27 hell hell grave grave Hades unseen inferno
Ac. 2:31 hell hell grave grave Hades unseen inferno
1Cor. 15:55** grave *2 grave death grave Hades death mors
Rv. 1:18 hell hell Hades hell Hades unseen inferni
Rv. 6:8 hell hell Hades Hell *5 Hades unseen inferus
Rv. 20:13 hell *3 hell Hades hell Hades unseen inferus
Rv. 20:14 hell hell Hades hell Hades unseen inferus
*1 prop. unseen {Strong's #86}
*2 margin "Or,hell"
*3 margin "Or,hell" in some 1611 printings. Some printings had "grave" in the text and "Or, hell" in the margin. Clearly some peculiar intentional hanky panky going on.
*4 spelled with one L in the original
*5 Capitalized in the original
*7 footnote says Greek Hades
*8 Hades] The unseen World, the adobe of departed spirits, In the A.V. both this word and 'Gehenna' are rendered 'Hell.' Each occurs twelve times. In this translation the two words are everywhere kept distinct.

**In the King James Version, 1 Corinthians 15:55 reads: " O death, where is thy sting? O grave (hades) , where is thy victory? "

This is a reference to the Old Testament: Hosea 13:34: "I will ransom them from the power of the grave (sheol) ; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave (sheol) , I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes. "





Translation of the word "Gehenna" in the New Testament
1611 KJV KJV & NIV & NKJV Geneva NASB YLT Vulgate
Mt. 5:22 hell fire hell hell *3 hell *6 Gehenna gehennae
Mt. 5:29 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Mt. 5:30 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Mt. 10:28 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Mt. 18:9 hell fire hell hell fire hell Gehenna gehennam
Mt. 23:15 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennae
Mt. 23:33 hell hell hell *4 hell Gehenna gehennae
Mk. 9:43 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Mk. 9:45 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Mk. 9:47 hel fire*1 hell hellfire hell Gehenna gehennam
Lk. 12:5 hell hell hell hell Gehenna gehennam
Js. 3:6 *2 hell hell hell *5 hell Gehenna gehenna

Jeremiah prophesied that one day this land - a garbage dump in Jerusalem called Gehenna - would one day be holy unto the Lord: " 'The time is coming,' says the LORD, 'when all Jerusalem will be rebuilt for me, from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. A measuring line will be stretched out over the hill of Gareb and across to Goah. And the entire area-- including the graveyard and ash dump in the valley (that's Gehenna) , and all the fields out to the Kidron Valley on the east as far as the Horse Gate-- will be holy to the LORD . '" (Jer. 31:38-40)

Many people claim that this Gehenna (otherwise known as the Valley of Hinnom) represents a hell of eternal suffering. Now, if Gehenna really symbolizes "hell" (though it really does not) and Gehenna will be holy to God, then wouldn't it also make sense to say that hell will someday be holy to God?

*1
spelled with one L in the original *2 The only other person in the N.T. besides Jesus who uses this term Gehenna.
*3 Margin reads: "Whereas we read here, Hell, it is in the text itself, Gehenna, which is an Hebrew word made of two, and it asmuch to say, as the Valley of Hinnon, which otherwise Hebrews called Tophet : It was a place where the Israelites were went most cruelly to sacrifice their children to false gods, whereupon it was taken for a place appointed to torment the reprobates in Jerem. 7:31.
*4 Margin reads: "Look Chap 5. Verse 22."
*5 Margin reads: "So the Grecians called the deep dungeons under the earth, which should be appointed to torment the souls of the wicked in."
*6 note says Gr., Gehenna



   Translation of the word "Tartarus" in the New Testament

1611 KJV KJV, NKJV, NASB Geneva NIV NRSV YLT & CLT & WEY Roth Vulgate
2Pt. 2:4 *1 hell hell hell hell *2 hell *3 Tartarus lowest hades tartarum
*1 The only places in the Bible where this term appears
*2 note says Greek tartarus
*3 note says Greek tartaroo



The perpetrators ( from 'what the hell is hell.com' )
Introduction : The following quotes from early philosophers and Church Fathers prove where the modern concept of a "Hell of everlasting punishment" came from. The quotes also expose those who are still perpetuating those concepts. The first group of quotes represents proof regarding the originators of the concept. The second group of quotations are from Christian leaders who have been instrumental in perpetuating these diabolical thoughts.

Polybius , the ancient historian, says: " Since the multitude is ever fickle, full of lawless desires, irrational passions and violence, there is no other way to keep them in order but by the fear and terror of the invisible world; on which account our ancestors seem to me to have acted judiciously, when they contrived to bring into the popular belief these notions of the gods, and of the infernal regions. " B. vi 56.

Strabo , the geographer, says: " The multitude are restrained from vice by the punishments the gods are said to inflict upon offenders, and by those terrors and threatenings which certain dreadful words and monstrous forms imprint upon their minds...For it is impossible to govern the crowd of women, and all the common rabble, by philosophical reasoning, and lead them to piety, holiness and virtue - but this must be done by superstition, or the fear of the gods, by means of fables and wonders; for the thunder, the aegis, the trident, the torches (of the Furies), the dragons, &c., are all fables, as is also all the ancient theology. These things the legislators used as scarecrows to terrify the childish multitude. " Geog., B. I

Tertullian (considered by many to be the father of modern church doctrine) " At that greatest of all spectacles, that last and eternal judgment how shall I admire, how laugh, how rejoice, how exult, when I behold so many proud monarchs groaning in the lowest abyss of darkness. "

Gerhard "The Blessed will see their friends and relations among the damned as often as they like but without the least of compassion. "

Jonathan Edwards
" Reprobate infants are vipers of vengeance, which Jehovah will hold over hell, in the tongs of his wrath, till they turn and spit venom in his face!" "The view of the misery of the damned will double the ardour of the love and gratitude of the saints of heaven. "

Charles Spurgeon (Commonly called the "Prince of Preachers" for being a preacher of great eloquence) " I further believe, although certain persons deny it, that the influence of fear is to be exercised over the minds of men and that it ought to operate upon the mind of the preacher himself ."

Thomas Aquinas
" That the saints may enjoy their beatitude more thoroughly, and give more abundant thanks for it to God, a perfect sight of the punishment of the damned is granted them. "

Jeremy Taylor
" Husbands shall see their wives, parents shall see their children tormented before their eyes.the bodies of the damned shall be crowded together in hell like grapes in a wine-press, which press on another till they burst. "

Richard Baxter " It is not a terrible thing to a wretched soul, when it shall lie roaring perpetually in the flames of hell, and the God of mercy himself shall laugh at them; when.God shall mock them instead of relieving them; when none in heaven or earth can help them but God, and he shall rejoice over them in their calamity . " - (The Saint's Everlasting Rest" 1846)

Reverend J. Furniss , C.S.S.R " The fifth dungeon is the red hot oven. The little child is in the red hot oven. Hear how it screams to come out; see how it turns and twists itself about in the fire. It beats its head against the roof of the oven. It stamps its little feet on the floor. " (The Sight of Hell - Quoted from Christ Triumphant by Thomas Allin)

Reverend E.B. Pusey , D.D. " Gather in one, in your mind, an assembly of all those men and women, from whom, whether in history or in fiction, your memory most shrinks, gather in mind all that is loathsome, most revolting * * * conceive the fierce, fiery eyes of hate, spite, frenzied rage, ever fixed on thee, looking thee through and through with hate * * * hear those yells of blaspheming concentrated hate, as they echo along the lurid vault of hell; everyone hating everyone * * * Yet a fixedness in that state in which the hardened malignant sinner dies, involves, without any further retribution of God, this endless misery. " (Quoted from Christ Triumphant by Thomas Allin)

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Chart containing Bible Translations without Hell.

Voltaire "Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities."


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