The word for 'sun' in Hebrew and Aramaic is שמש (shemesh). It is based on the marriage root שם, which means 'to ripple'.
There are many words that share this root:
שמ (shem) meaning 'ripple
', otherwise known as the 'name' of something.
שמ (sham) meaning 'rippled area
', otherwise known as 'there'.
שמיים (shamayim) meaning 'dual rippled place
' (place that ripples between between two waters) otherwise known as 'heaven'.
שמע (sh'ma) meaning 'ripple up
', otherwise known as 'hear'.
שמונה (shemuneh) meaning 'rippled outward number
', otherwise known as 'eight'.
Then we have our word for sun, which is:
שמש (shemesh) meaning 'ripple out thing
There are more examples, but these should suffice for now. What they all have in common is the action of a ripple. What is a ripple? It is an action that takes place from a certain point, and radiates as a ripple outward from there in all directions, affecting all in its path.
There is so much teaching and depth here, so much to say, but I just wanted to focus on the one aspect concerning the sun, what it does, and how it reveals to us a hidden meaning that applies to us all. The sun radiates energy from itself, in a form that looks like ripples (on a clear hot day) in the sky. Whatever is contained in a ripple is not kept to itself, but instead is distributed to everything around it. This is why the sun is so beneficial, for it does not keeps its light and warmth to itself, but shares it with us on the earth. So what is the hidden meaning? I think we can already see it, visualize it, but here is another word that will complete the picture. It too, is a word, used once in Scripture, that also has the letters שמש, although pronounced slightly different, as 'shemash'. This word is found in Dan 7:10, where it refers to a thousand thousands 'ministering' to the Ancient of Days on his throne.
Dan 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered [שמש shemash]
to him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
See the connection between what the sun does, and what these thousands were doing? There is nothing selfish in them, but in their ministering they are focused on affecting the one they are ministering to. They are other-centered. Incidentally, this rippling action is the true meaning of what it means to be 'named'. To the ancient eastern mind, a name was something characterizing either the person, or something that happened or would happen related to that person. A name, in truth, is a ripple, either for good or bad. What name will we make for ourselves? One that centered on self, or one that is centered on God in Messiah, and by extension, to everyone around us? Either way, once the ripple starts it cannot be stopped. May we all think and meditate carefully on how we live.