I Samuel, chapters 1 2
The Song of Hannah tells us in 2:6, "The Lord killeth, and maketh alive; he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up." Here is one of many examples of Hebrew parallelism, and "killeth" lines up with "bringeth down to the grave." "Grave" here is that word "sheol" again, so often (mis)translated as "Hell," but don't you see that hell = grave? Note that sheol or the grave is as far as God brings down, not further down to some literal or metaphysical Hell. Note also the parallel "maketh alive" and "bringeth up," and this is an early hint of the coming resurrection.
Later in the chapter, God tells Levi the fate of his two evil sons: death as usual, just death.
Chapters 3 7
4,000 of Israel fall in battle, then 30,000. The Ark is captured by the Philistines, and they pass it from city to city like a hot potato, many dying, and the rest cursed with hemorrhoids. They send it back on a cart to Israel, but it is not treated with respect and 50,070 men die for looking into it. On the other hand, the Philistines are smitten by God and Israel in battle, but the body count is not given. Lots of death (just death) here.
Chapters 8 14
Saul becomes king, and defeats the Ammonites, with an army numbering 330,000 an army much smaller than that which conquered the Land of Promise some centuries before. The Philistines and other peoples are also warred against, with death the only risk mentioned.
Saul musters his army to fight Amalek, but now it only numbers 200,000, plus 10,000 men of Judah, down from the 300,000 plus 30,000 of Judah which showed up to fight Ammon. We can only wonder, for the ancient writer does not elaborate. The Amalekites are wiped out, and even for these evil people, Hell is not mentioned.
Chapters 16 24
David kills Goliath and lots of other Philistines are killed in battle, but there is no body count or mention of Hell for them.
Later, the priests of Nob are killed along with their families. Nothing is said of these righteous, innocent people going to Heaven or Hell. David is pursued by Saul in plot after plot, but there is no hint that any danger but simple death faced him or his men.
Nabal dies (25:38), "
the Lord smote Nabal, that he died." As ever, simple death.
(26:16) "As the Lord liveth, ye are worthy to die
" There is none of that "Go to Hell" phrasing so common in modern epithets.
David and his men, in service to the king of Gath, engage in extermination of some of the people Israel was charged to drive out. No fate for them after death is given.
Saul consults a witch to bring up Samuel, but was it really Samuel? Remember that Samuel was dead, and that his body was decomposing in the grave, his spirit had returned to God (who gave it), and his soul no longer existed. We must view this incident as a deception the witch, Saul, and even the one who wrote the account - all seem to believe Samuel had been brought up. I know that the ancients believed in shades, ghosts, and the like, but I view them as the manifestations of demons. Think did the witch, or her familiar spirit, or demons have the power to make the dead speak? I must say, no. God did, and I don't care to limit Him, but I am not about to say that God resurrected Samuel for a few minutes to chide Saul, just to deliver much the same message He had given to Saul before. Anyway, the text had already stated that God was not answering Saul, so why would God cooperate with a witch? I am just not going there Saul had stepped into forbidden territory, and got information demons might have been well aware of. A real Samuel takes us into dangerous theological waters, and contradicts what God tells us elsewhere in His word.
Chapters 29 31
David and his men kill more Amalekites - Saul, his sons, and his army are wiped out by the Philistines. As ever, all receive simple death.
Hell, then, is not to be found in the book of I Samuel.