I would call the giving of faith to someone who has no faith an act of grace. It is both favorable and unmerited.
This is how I see it:
1. pre conversion (no faith)
2. conversion (a favorable unmerited act of God that is not accessed by faith)
3. post conversion - faith present
4. being justified = "this grace wherein we stand" which is accessed by faith including works
For example, Peter, prior to being converted, did not yet stand in the grace that Paul was referring to. He was not yet justirfied. He was fearful and ready to deny Christ. But God was still acting favorably on Peter prior to his conversion.
I see where the problem might be. Ok, lets instead of calling Grace - FAVOR instead call it APPROVAL. Maybe that will clear it up. They essentially are the same thing but implications are different. Now if you consider Grace as APPROVAL then you can see that giving someone Faith is not an act of approval. APPROVAL would be a better definition.
I haven't read the rest of the thread from this point, but I wanted to make an observation here:
1Ti 1:11 This13 accords with the glorious gospel of the blessed God14 that was entrusted to me.15
1Ti 1:12 I am grateful to the one who has strengthened me, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he considered me faithful
in putting me into ministry,
1Ti 1:13 even though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor
, and an arrogant16 man. But I was treated with mercy
because I acted ignorantly in unbelief,
1Ti 1:14 and our Lord's grace was abundant, bringing faith and love
in Christ Jesus.17
1Ti 1:15 This saying18 is trustworthy and deserves full acceptance: "Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners" — and I am the worst of them!19
1Ti 1:16 But here is why I was treated with mercy: so that20 in me as the worst,21 Christ Jesus could demonstrate his utmost patience, as an example for those who are going to believe in him for eternal life.
The NIV translation is a bit better at bringing it out than this translation, but Paul (Saul) was considered faithful before he was actually faithful (v.12). I haven't really gotten into an explanation of why this is so yet, but I may at some point.
Verse 14 above speaks of how he was treated with abundant grace which brought faith and love
, not the other way around...
Anyway, after I read the rest of the thread, there may be more to say.