Rom 4:25 who was delivered up because of our deviations, and was raised because of our justification.
According to some, even though the same exact word is used in both clauses...for our deviations...for our justification...the same shade of meaning cannot be applied to both:
Although the preposition because of (Gk. dia) is used here in connection with both our offenses and our justification, the context demands a different shade of meaning in each case...in the second instance, our justification is the result that is assured by Christ's resurrection. There could have been no justification if Christ had remained in the tomb.-Believer's Bible Commentary pg. 1695
Also, it is usually understood that these two clauses should be understood differently, because it creates a problem for those who believe that a human response is necessary to effect the justification. Here is a quote from a popular Bible commentary:
Also He was raised to life for ("on account of" or "because of" dia with the accusative]) our justification. Christ's death as God's sacrificial Lam (cf. John 1:29) was to pay the redemptive price for the sins of all people (Rom. 3:24) so that God might be free to forgive those who respond by faith to that provision. Christ's resurrection was the proof (or demonstration and vindication) of God's acceptance of Jesus' sacrifice (cf. 1:4). Thus because He lives, God can credit His provided righteousness to the account of every person who responds by faith to that offer.-The Bible Knowledge Commentary pg. 455.
I believe both clauses are meant to be taken the exact same way, with the same shade of meaning and force.
First of all, the statement that there could have been no justification if Jesus had remained in the tomb is not true. Justification is from sin. Before the cross, as long as a person was alive he was never able to be justified, because sin required only one thing to satisfy it-death. So it was not the resurrection that provided justification, but death. It is at death that justification from sin takes place. This is why Paul said:
Rom 6:7 for one who dies has been justified from sin.
The second thing that gets mistaken is thinking that justification is merely an opportunity. People will read the first clause correctly, as stating the the reason Jesus was delivered up was because of trespasses; which means that the trespasses were already a reality, in existence. No one would say that Jesus was delivered up to make trespasses a possibility. No one had a choice in being guilty of trespasses.
The second clause, however, gets changed in meaning, to say that Christ was raised up to provide an opportunity for those who put their faith in Christ. It becomes, not a reality, but a possibility.
Both clauses are meant to be taken exactly the same way. It is doctrinal teaching, not context, which is the reason most end up not seeing it the way it was written.
The beautiful truth is that there were trespasses that God wanted to deal with, but death needed to occur for that to happen. He could rightly have demanded the literal death of each and every individual, letting that take place, but because of his mercy, he did something else.
When Christ was lifted up on the cross, he drew the entire human race into his body. Therefore, when he died, all died in him. In this way, he paid the penalty for sin-death. He truly was lifted up because of our justification. No one had a choice in that.
At that moment when he died, and all died in him, justification from sin took place. The entire human race was justified in Christ right then and there. Justification having taken place, now Christ could be raised up from the dead. The old was left dead, and now would be the start of the new creation, one where death no longer holds its grip over mankind:
Rom 6:8 But if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him;
Rom 6:9 knowing that Christ, being raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no more has dominion over him!
Now, I know that it has been so ingrained into us that justification comes by faith. I happen to believe that, but the mistake is in thinking it is by OUR faith. It isn't, although if you read most Bible translations, you will have a hard time seeing that truth. Consider just one example:
Rom 3:26 to demonstrate his righteousness at this present time; that he might himself be just, and the justifier of him who has faith in Jesus.
Rom 3:27 Where then is the boasting? It is excluded. By what manner of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith.
Rom 3:28 We maintain therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.
What people will say here is that we are justified by faith, according to verse 28, and that faith is our faith in Jesus, according to verse 26. Those who have faith in Jesus God justifies.
However, here is a more literal translation. Notice a key difference in verse 26:
Rom 3:26 toward the display of His righteousness in the current era, for Him to be just and a Justifier of the one who is of the faith of Jesus."-C>V
It is not OUR faith which God takes into account to justify us, but Jesus' faith! Jesus, in faithfully going to the cross, secured, by that shedding of his blood, man's justification. All who were in him when he died are the same all who are of his faith, for they were in him at the moment it happened. Therefore, like I said, I do believe justification is by faith, for it is by Jesus own faith. Isn't that a much more logical understanding, rather than me or you having to hope we have enough faith to secure anything of eternal consequence for ourselves? What a futile road that is, and I have been on it far too many times in my life!
We have the joy of telling this good news, not of what God wants to do for those who do not know him, but rather, what he has already done, and who did it for them, so that they might believe, simply because it is true, and believing the truth makes such a difference in life.