I've certainly been under God's chastening rod precisely for what wickedness of mine I knew full well. I also have had the protection of the Lord in dangerous situations. Yet, there is much, both good and bad, for which I have no explanation.
That would be irrelevant if God does nothing for those who repent and serve Him.
In relation to the quote above, as well as other things said in the thread, such as the John 9:3 verse. Reaping/sowing - scriptural principle - only applies in some situations, not in others? God blessing and protecting for faithfulness and obedience - does He or not? God bringing an experience of evil to teach and bring judgments - does He or not? Do we not experience [punishment/consequences/wrath] that we may have "earned" or deserved? OR, as the OP says (I'll word it a little differently according to the way I understand it - God has reconciled Himself to all, but all are not yet reconciled to God [not all called/chosen yet]) - then is it the belief of some that God has nothing to do with any consequences/punishment/chastistments - that it's "life" and God just doesn't get all that directly involved? All bad things are just "the devil" and God only wants to fix it?
I don't know, I'm not there. But I've read even many/most Haitians that call themselves Christians mix in practices with "the spirits"/voodoo with their Catholicism. Although we are to know the fruits (I'd suggest voodoo's not the best thing to mix with Christianity) still, I have my own sins I battle and I cannot judge Haiti or one single Haitian. Maybe it comes back to the earlier thoughts, that sometimes we don't know for sure and our job is to love and help. As with many things, I believe it's a great big subject - and there's probably been 500 books written trying to explain all this from 500 different philosophical and spiritual angles. I sure don't understand all the reasons why, and I believe everyone has pain and trials - and obviously, the Haitians are in extreme pain and need right now. I believe God has good plans and He will help us and He wants us to help others.
In the end, I think it's right - "what does God want each of us to do to help?"