Hyper-preterism says all the prophecies of scripture were fulfilled in the first century, including Daniel's prophecy of the 70 weeks. But the things included in the 70 weeks, such as "finish the transgression," and "make an end of sins," obviously have not yet been fulfilled. Transgressions and sins have been prevalent throughout all the centuries since 70 AD, throughout the world.
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Daniel's 70 weeks prophecy predicted the coming of the Messiah after the first 69 weeks, and in the final week, Christ confirms his covenant with many. But in the midst of the week in which Christ confirms his covenant, sacrifices and oblations would cease. History shows that occurred in 70 AD when the Jerusalem temple was destroyed.
Hyper-preterism has to invoke a gap in the 70th week, to span a period of about 40 years from the crucifixion to the destruction of the temple. Dispensationalism also invokes a gap in the 70 weeks, but a much larger one, between the 69th and 70th weeks. They claim a literal seven years of tribulation will occur at the end of the age, so their gap has spanned nearly 2,000 years.
The problem for both hyper-preterism and dispensationalism in interpreting Daniel's prophecy is that their alleged gaps destroy the 70 weeks prophecy, or do great violence to it. A prophecy about time fails when any gap is involved, as time has no gaps!
Interpreting the last half-week as already fulfilled is a difficult problem for hyper-preterists, as the sacrifices and oblations were said to end in the midst of the week. That seems to require that Christ continued to confirm his covenant for a period of "a time, times, and a half" after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD!
The basic pattern of "a time, times, and a half" is based on half of "seven times." The concept of "seven times" links to Leviticus 26. There are four periods of "seven times" listed here.
The Jewish calendar, like the Babylonian calendar, was lunar-solar, and contained years of either 12 or 13 lunar months.
In Daniel's prophecies, the "time, times, and a half" is given in two variants, 1,290 days and 1,335 days. These are different combinations of 12 and 13 month years, with months of 30 days. The 1,290 days of Daniel 12:11 is one year of 13 months, and the rest of 12 months. The 1,335 days of Daniel 12:12 is one year of 12 months, and the rest of 13 months. In the corresponding periods of John's prophecies in Revelation 11, 12, and 13, all the years are of 12 months. So all these numbers are variations on "a time, times, and a half." The same is true of the 42 months in Revelation 11:2 and 13:5.
What is the "time, times, and a half"? It is the final half of the 70th week of Daniel 9. It is also the final half of the last of four periods of "7 times" in Leviticus 26.
In Leviticus 26, God is reconciled to Israel, and remembers his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the last period of "7 times."
Now Daniel says the curse was poured out, in the Babylonian captivity, in Daniel 9:11. So that must be the first of the four "7 times" in Leviticus 26. The last three periods of "7 times" may be identified with the three sections of the 70 weeks. In that case, the 2nd "7 times" is the 7 weeks; the 3rd "7 times" is the 62 weeks, and the 4th and last "7 times" is the final week. A "week" is "7 times." But the units of "time" in the 3 sections varies. If they were all the same, why have three sections?
One thing to notice is that there can be no gap in the 70 weeks, if they are related to Leviticus 26. A gap would imply a lapse in the curse, and that God was temporarily reconciled to his people. But that has not happened; any reconciliation must be permanent.
The 70th week is when Christ "confirms the covenant with many." Paul identified God's covenant with Abraham as the gospel in Galatians 3:8; Christ's "week" of confirming the covenant began when he was baptized by John the Baptist. God's promise to remember his covenant with Abraham was mentioned in a prophecy given by John's father Zacharias.
67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,
68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,
69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;
70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:
71 That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;
72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;
73 The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
74 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,
75 In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
Daniel 9:27 shows that the abolition of sacrifices and oblations was to occur "in the midst of the week." It occurred as a result of the destruction of the temple in 70 AD. But the last half-week continues, as Christ still confirms his covenant with us. So the final half of the 70th week is the "time, times, and a half," and is symbolic, and includes the entire time of the church, in which the gospel goes to the world.
The numbers provided in various prophecies show that the last half-week cannot be a literal three years and a half. No literal three and a half years has 1,260 days, or 1,290 days, or 1,335 days. These numbers all point to an interpretation of the "time, times, and a half" as symbolic. And the ministry of the two witnesses of Revelation 11 occurs all over the world, not merely Jerusalem; Christ suffered "without the gate." [Hebrews 13:12] John refers to the world as "Egypt" and "Sodom" as those were both places from which God's people escaped. The great city is mystical Babylon.
The 69 weeks of the first two sections of the 70 weeks point to the start of the ministry of Jesus, not the end of it. Isaiah said Cyrus would be the one to give the decree for the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the temple. [Isaiah 44:28] The decree of Cyrus was probably given in 538 BC.
If the first 7 weeks of the 70 weeks are taken to be 49 leap years of 13 months, as in the ancient Hebrew and Babylonian calendars, the 70 weeks can be counted from the decree of Cyrus. There are 7 leap years in 19 years, so 49 leap years span 133 years. Taking the second section of the 70 weeks as 62 sabbatical cycles, the first two sections of the 70 weeks span 567 years, and ended in 28 AD, when the ministry of Jesus began. The ministry of Jesus was the first half of the 70th week. The crucifixion probably occurred in 30 AD. The last half-week, the "time, times and a half," completes the 70 weeks prophecy. It is the age in which we are now, and spans all the time since the crucifixion.