Seth, when is this prophecy in Amos going to happen or has it already happened, in your opinion?
"Behold, the days are coming," says the Lord,
"When the plowman shall overtake the reaper,
And the treader of grapes him who sows seed;
The mountains shall drip with sweet wine,
And all the hills shall flow with it.
I will bring back the captives of My people Israel;
They shall build the waste cities and inhabit them;
They shall plant vineyards and drink wine from them;
They shall also make gardens and eat fruit from them.
I will plant them in their land,
And no longer shall they be pulled up
From the land I have given them,"
Says the Lord your God.
In order to answer that question I have to point out that Amos along with all the other prophets, prophesied a Judgment upon ISRAEL, and then prophecied that Israel would be restored. To understand the process of restoration I believe we need to understand the concept of The Remnant of Israel
. I will need to quote larger passages to see the context so I can talk about how I see it, staring with Romans 11 pre-70AD judgment of Israel.Romans 11
1 I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He? May it never be! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew (that's important). Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel? 3 "Lord, they have killed Your prophets, they have torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they are seeking my life." 4 But what is the divine response to him? "I have kept for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal." 5 In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God's gracious choice. 6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.
7 What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened;
Israel has been judged according to Paul here, and that is why at "the present time there is a remnant." There's no such thing as a remnant except that there is something to be a remainder of. That is why God has not rejected the people of Israel .... THAT HE FOREKNEW. That is when Paul immediately refers to himself
, and Elijah
and the 7,000 knees that did not bow to Ba'al
. Those are examples of remnants
. Not ALL Israel, but a REMNANT of Israel for "the present time
." Yes, all Israel shall be saved, but "at the present time" there is only a remnant of Israel so that the Gentiles may come in. Romans 8
28And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. 29For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
This is talking about the Sons of God, those who are grafted into "Israel is my first born son, and out of Egypt I called my son." (Hosea 11:1). So, getting to Amos 9:Amos 9
8 "Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are on the sinful kingdom,
And I will destroy it from the face of the earth;
Nevertheless, I will not totally destroy the house of Jacob,"
Declares the Lord.
9 "For behold, I am commanding,
And I will shake the house of Israel among all nations
As grain is shaken in a sieve,
But not a kernel will fall to the ground.
10 "All the sinners of My people will die by the sword,
Those who say, 'The calamity will not overtake or confront us.'
11 "In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David,
And wall up its breaches;
I will also raise up its ruins
And rebuild it as in the days of old;
12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom
And all the nations who are called by My name,"
Declares the Lord who does this.
When God says that he will shake Israel with the nations in a sieve, it means he is going to put them together
, and all the dross is going to pour through the sieve, but not one kernel (the foreknown remnant and the chosen Gentiles) will be lost. What's left in the sieve is God's chosen people. This prophecy, about a judgment upon Israel (just like how Paul interpreted Hosea), James uses to validate Peter's statements about the Jews receiving the Holy Spirit and becoming a people of God. I know it's alot of text, but I believe it is important to show it, so the context will come through:Acts 15
6 The apostles and the elders came together to ook into this matter (circumcision for the Gentiles). 7 After there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles would hear the word of the gospel and believe. 8 And God, who knows the heart, testified to them giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us; 9 and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. 10 Now therefore why do you put God to the test by placing upon the neck of the disciples a yoke which neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear? 11 But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, in the same way as they also are."
12 All the people kept silent, and they were listening to Barnabas and Paul as they were relating what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. 13 After they had stopped speaking, James answered, saying, "Brethren, listen to me. 14 Simeon has related how God first concerned Himself about taking from among the Gentiles a people for His name. 15 With this the words of the Prophets agree, just as it is written, (in Amos 9)
16 'After these things I will return,
And I will rebuild the tabernacle of David which has fallen,
And I will rebuild its ruins,
And I will restore it,
17 So that the remnant of man may seek the Lord,
And all the Gentiles who are called by My name,'
18 Says the Lord, who makes these things known from long ago.
According to James, Amos is being applied to what Peter said and they all agree. Amos 9 is prophesying about a time when the Gentiles would receive the Spirit and be called a people for his name, and MAKE NO DISTINCTION between Jew and Gentile believers (they are all Jews according to the Spirit).
What does this have to do with returning to the land? Well, as Amos said, that God would not destroy ALL of Israel, and there is a remnant for a present time. The REMNANT, the leftovers, would enter into the land.Hebrews 4
4 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.
That is what Amos has to do with Gentiles receiving the Holy Spirit. The moment that the "natural branches" became counted for the seed of Ishmael and Hagar (Galatians 4), they had already been cast out of the land
. That is why Revelation says that Christ was crucified in SODOM AND EGYPT. When the REMNANT returned and were grafted onto the tree so that the Gentiles could recieve the same, they returned because God counts his SON AS ISRAEL, and he counts believers as the seed.
That is why, in Galatians 4, Paul makes special note that the Law was given to Israel IN EGYPT. It means that the Jews who are under the Law are standing on Egyptian soil
where they first received the Law, no matter where they think they are standing physically. But, the true Jerusalem is ABOVE, and she is still waiting for the natural branches to enter into her. So my answer is that the quoted Amos passage is fulfilled in Christ and has been fulfilled in Christ since day one.
This is why the prophecies say that Israel shall be "wiped off the face of the earth (Hb - adamos - land)"
. That's because Christ's kingdom IS NOT OF THIS WORLD. The events of 1948, to me, represent nothing more than Israel of the flesh leaving Sodom and Egypt and entering into more Sodom and Egypt where Christ was crucified. Those who believe in Jesus Christ are placed in heavenly places, because that is where Israel is today, with Christ, the firstborn son who IS Israel. Israel from below is wiped from face of the earth. There is only an Israel from above which the remnant and the Gentiles may enter into, and eventually everyone else will too.